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          韩语入门发音规则一览表

          2018-06-07 02:54:39

          1. 连音化

          条件:韵尾(除? ?)+元音

          发音规则:韵尾移动到后面音节上,替代其首音?,跟后面元音拼成一个音节。




          单词中

          ???[???]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]对[??]错

          单词+助词

          ???[???]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]对[??] -

          单词+词尾

          ????[????]

          ????[????]

          ???[???]对[???]错

          *不连音

          ??? [???]对 [???]错??? [???]对 [???]错



          2. 脱落

          条件:韵尾?+元音

          发音规则:韵尾?不发音



          ?+元音

          ???[???]

          ???[???]

          ???[???]

          ???[???]


          3. 添加

          条件:【部分合成词】 +? /半元音?

          发音规则:中间添加?音




          +?

          ??[??]→[??]

          ??[??]

          *8?[??]→[??]

          +?

          ??[??]→[??]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]→[??]

          4. 送气音化

          条件:韵尾? /? /? /? +首音? 或者

          韵尾? + 首音? /? /? /?

          发音规则:把首音发成 ? /? /? / ?




          ?

          ?+?

          ?+?


          ??[??]

          ????[????]

          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          ?

          ?+?

          ?+?


          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          ?

          ?+?

          ?+?


          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          -


          ?

          ?+?

          ?+?


          ???[???]

          ????[????]

          ???[???]

          ????[????]

          5. 同化

          条件(1):韵尾? ? +首音?

          发音规则:?发成?音



          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ?+?

          ???[???]

          ??[??]

          条件(2):韵尾? +首音? 或者 韵尾? +首音?

          发音规则:?发成?音



          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          条件(3):【部分汉字词】韵尾? ? +首音?

          发音规则:?发成?音

          部分汉字词


          ?+?

          ??[??]→[??]

          ??[??]→[??]

          ?+?

          ??[??]→[??]

          ???[???]→[???]

          条件(4):韵尾?(? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ?) +首音? /?

          发音规则:韵尾? /? /? 分别发成 ? /? /?








          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?


          ?+?

          ????[???]

          -

          ??[??]

          -

          ???[???]


          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          -

          -

          ??[??]



          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?+?

          ???[???]

          ???[???]

          ???[???]

          ????[???]

          -

          ???[???]

          ?+?

          -

          ??[??]

          -

          ???[???]

          ??[??]

          -


          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?


          ?+?

          ??[??]

          -

          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          ??[??]


          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          -

          -

          ??[??]


          6. 腭化

          条件:韵尾? ?+?

          发音规则:韵尾? ?和后面的元音拼成 ? ? 而不是 ? ?



          ?+?

          ??[??]对[??]错

          ???[???]对[???]错

          ?+?

          ??[??]对[??]错

          ??[??]对 [??]错

          7. 紧音化

          条件(1):韵尾?(?) ?(?) + 首音? /? /?

          发音规则:首音? /? /? ? 分别发紧音 ? /? /?





          +?

          +?

          +?

          ?+

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ?+

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ?+

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ?+

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          条件(2):【部分汉字词】韵尾? +首音? /? /? /? /?

          发音规则:首音? /? /? /? /? 分别发成 紧音 ? /? /? /? /?







          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ??[??]律句

          ??[??]热带

          ??[??]律法

          ??[??]血书

          ??[??]日程

          ??[??]绝句

          ??[??]绝对

          ???[???]口述法

          ??[??]密输

          ??[??]发展


          *不适用

          *??[??]发现

          -

          *??[??]末伏

          *??[??]月饼

          -

          *??[??]物件

          -

          *??[??]折半

          *??[??]日记

          -


          条件(3):冠词形语尾 –? /?+首音? /? /? /? /?

          发音规则:首音? /? /? /? /? 分别发成 紧音? /? /? /? /?







          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          -?

          ? ?[??]

          ? ?[??]

          ? ? ?[???]

          ? ?[??]

          ? ?[??]

          -?

          ?? ?[???]

          ?? ?[???]

          ?? ?[???]

          ?? ?[???]

          ??? ?[????]

          条件(4):韵尾?(? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ?) +首音? /? /? /? /?

          发音规则:首音? /? /? /? /? 分别发成 紧音? /? /? /? /?








          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?

          ?


          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ???[???]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]


          ?+?

          ??[??]

          -

          ??[??]

          ??[??]

          ??[??]


          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ?????[?????]

          -

          -

          -


          ?+?

          ??[??]

          ????[????]

          ??[??]

          -

          ????[????]


          ?+?

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          -

          ??[??]

          -

          ??[??]



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          -

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          ?+?

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          ???[???]

          -

          -

          -


          ?+?

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          ????[????]

          ????[????]

          ????[????]


          ?+?

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